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Cagayan - Philippines

The City of Cagayan de Oro abbreviated as CDO, CDOC or Cag. de Oro; City of Cagayan de Oro; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro; lies along the northern coastline of Mindanao. It is the provincial capital of the province of Misamis Oriental and classified as a first class city. The city serves as the regional center and the most populous highly-urbanized city in Northern Mindanao (Region X). According to the 2007 census, the city has an estimated population of 553,996 people. Cagayan de Oro is known by many names, such as "Gateway to Northern Mindanao", "City of Whitewater Rafting and River Trekking" and others. Officially, Cagayan de Oro is known as the "City of Golden Friendship" or "Dakbayan sa Bulawanong Panaghigalaay" in the Cebuano language. The phrase is part of the official city seal. There are other places in the Philippines with a "Cagayan" name. One must distinguish Cagayan de Oro from Cagayan Province in Northern Luzon and the Cagayan Islands in the Sulu Sea.

History

Cagayan de Misamis in circa 1900The area was first inhabited around 377 AD (the late Neolithic Period), island natives lived in a settlement then known as Himologan[1] (now known as Huluga), eight kilometers from present day Cagayan de Oro. The natives were polytheistic animist and paid tributes to Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat, the Sultan of Maguindanao. In 1622, two Spanish Augustinian Recollect missionaries came in contact with the natives of Himologan and in 1626, Fray Agustin de San Pedro persuaded the chief of Himologan, Datu Salangsang, to transfer his settlement down river, to the present day Gaston Park. Fray Agustin later fortified the new settlement against warriors who were sent by Sultan Kudarat.

On February 27, 1872, the Spanish Governor General Carlos Maria de La Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis. During this era, the name of the town was known as Cagayan de Misamis. On January 10, 1899, Cagayan de Misamis joined the Philippine government of Emilio Aguinaldo and celebrated its independence from Spain. It was the second time the Aguinaldo government was declared and the new Philippine flag raised on the Mindanao island. By virtue of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States; this caused friction and resulted in the Philippine-American War. In March 31, 1900, the Americans occupied Cagayan de Misamis and on April 7, 1900, battle erupted in the town center led by General Nicolas Capistrano[2] and Filipino resistance fighters. This would later be known as the Battle of Cagayan de Misamis. The Americans won the war, and about forty years later, gave the Philippines its independence July 4, 1946.

Through the efforts of then former Congressman and Vice President of the Philippines Emmanuel Pelaez, the town of Cagayan de Misamis became a city on June 15, 1950 and it's name changed to Cagayan de Oro. Congressman Pelaez appended "de Oro" to "Cagayan" in recognition of the gold mining activities in the area known to Spanish explorers.


Geography
Cagayan de Oro City at nightCagayan de Oro City is located along the central coast of Northern Mindanao. To the south, the city is bordered by the Bukidnon Province and Lanao del Norte (Iligan City). The Municipality of Opol, Misamis Oriental borders the city on the west and Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental to the east. To the north lies Macajalar Bay facing the Bohol Sea. Its total land area is 488.86 km representing 13.9% of the entire Misamis Oriental Province. It includes 25 kilometers of coastline and a fine deep water harbor, Macajalar Bay. 44.7% of the surface of Cagayan de Oro is classified as agricultural land, and 38.4% is classified as open spaces.

Climate
Cagayan de Oro City has a tropical climate. The average temperature whole year round is 28 C (82 F). The highest recorded temperature in the city was 36 C (97 F) on May 1998. Cagayan de Oro receives an even amount of rain through out the year. The driest month is April, while July is the wettest. Wet season in the city starts in June and ends in November. Drier season starts in December and ends in May. Cagayan de Oro is rarely visited by a typhoon since it is outside the Pacific typhoon belt.


People
There are about 44 percent of the household population in Cagayan de Oro City classified themselves as Binisaya/Bisaya, 22.15 percent as Cebuano, 4.38 percent as Boholano, while 28.07 percent as other ethnic groups. (2000 Census)


Language
Cebuano or Visayan, is the city's main conversational language. English is mainly used for business, written text and is also widely used by the academic community. Most of the local population are also fluent in Filipino, the country's national language.


Religion

Saint Augustine CathedralMajority of the people of Cagayan de Oro City are Roman Catholics. Other religions include; Christians of various sect, Muslims, Buddhists and others.


Economy
The city's economy is largely based on industry, trade, service and tourism. Concentrix and Arriba are among the few call centers that have recently opened their doors to the city. The city's annual income has reached a local record of 1.345 Billion Pesos as of the fiscal year, 2006. With the ongoing construction of the Laguindingan International Airport located in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental with International standard, business analysts predict the entry of more foreign and local investments and an increase in tourism activity in the region will make Cagayan de Oro as one of the chief cities in the southern part of the Philippines.


Infrastructure
Ongoing construction of the Laguindingan International Airport located in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental that will serve Northern Mindanao including it's major cities; Iligan and Cagayan de Oro. It is a flagship project of the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor special development project.
Redevelopment of Agora Public Market and Terminal, which will be renamed into "New Agora Complex".

Education

Xavier UniversityCagayan de Oro City is the center of education in Northern Mindanao and has three major private universities, namely: Capitol University, Liceo de Cagayan University and Xavier University (Ateneo de Cagayan). These institutions specialize in various disciplines such as medicine, nursing, commerce, engineering, and law, as well as graduate and post-graduate courses. The Mindanao University of Science and Technology (formerly Mindanao Polytechnic State College) is the only state university in the city. AMA Computer University and Philippine Women's University have campus branches in the city offering limited courses.


Health Care

Capitol University Medical City HospitalThe city has a hospital bed to population ratio of 1:474 as of 2003. There are twelve major well-equipped private and government-run hospitals including 50 Barangay Health Centers and 20 Family Planning Centers. There are also modern diagnostic centers and laboratories operating in the city

Northern Mindanao Medical Center (Provincial Hospital) and JR Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (City Hospital) are the two main government run hospitals in the city. Capitol University Medical City Hospital is one of the newer developments of the health services in city. In the recent years, private hospitals in the city have embarked on an aggressive expansion program. There has been a strong demand for medical facilities not only within the city but from nearby Mindanao provinces.


Transportation

By Air
Lumbia Airport, often called as Cagayan de Oro Airport caters domestic flights to and from Manila and Cebu. From Manila, it is an hour and fifteen minutes away by plane and from Cebu it is forty-five minutes away. There is ongoing construction on the Laguindingan International Airport located in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental. When it finished, the international airport will serve Northern Mindanao including its major cities; Iligan and Cagayan de Oro.

By Sea
The Cagayan de Oro International Seaport serves regular trips to Manila, Cebu, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo, and Jagna. It is the busiest seaport in Northern Mindanao.

The Seaport is a modern international seaport situated near the estuary of Cagayan de Oro River, it has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. Cagayan de Oro International Seaport has 2 authorized cargo handling operators.[8] With the recent completion of the 250 Million Peso Rehabilitation Project, the Cagayan de Oro seaport is now the largest international and domestic seaport in Mindanao.[9] General Milling and Del Monte Philippines also operates their own port facilities within Cagayan de Oro. The US $85 Million Mindanao Container Terminal located in Tagoloan, 17 kilometers from Cagayan de Oro serves the PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate.


By Land
Cagayan de Oro City is abundance of jeepneys, taxicabs, tricycle and buses which makes getting around the city quite easier. You can easily call taxis at there dispatching areas or simply flagging your hand in the city streets. There are three bus and jeepney terminals in the city which offer regular land trips. The Eastbound-Gusa Jeepney Terminal and Agora-Integrated Bus Terminal caters trips to and from Balingoan (port going to Camiguin), Gingoog, Davao, Butuan, Surigao in the Caraga Region, Valencia and Malaybalay in Bukidnon. While the Westbound-Bulua Integrated Bus Terminal caters trips to and from Iligan, Ozamiz, Zamboanga and some parts of western Mindanao.

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