City of Cagayan de Oro abbreviated as CDO, CDOC
or Cag. de Oro; City of Cagayan de Oro; Cebuano:
Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod
ng Cagayan de Oro; lies along the northern coastline
of Mindanao. It is the provincial capital of the
province of Misamis Oriental and classified as
a first class city. The city serves as the regional
center and the most populous highly-urbanized
city in Northern Mindanao (Region X). According
to the 2007 census, the city has an estimated
population of 553,996 people. Cagayan de Oro is
known by many names, such as "Gateway to Northern
Mindanao", "City of Whitewater Rafting and River
Trekking" and others. Officially, Cagayan de Oro
is known as the "City of Golden Friendship" or
"Dakbayan sa Bulawanong Panaghigalaay" in the
Cebuano language. The phrase is part of the official
city seal. There
are other places in the Philippines with a "Cagayan"
name. One must distinguish Cagayan de Oro from
Cagayan Province in Northern Luzon and the Cagayan
Islands in the Sulu Sea.
Cagayan de Misamis in circa 1900The area was first inhabited
around 377 AD (the late Neolithic Period), island natives
lived in a settlement then known as Himologan (now
known as Huluga), eight kilometers from present day
Cagayan de Oro. The natives were polytheistic animist
and paid tributes to Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat,
the Sultan of Maguindanao. In 1622, two Spanish Augustinian
Recollect missionaries came in contact with the natives
of Himologan and in 1626, Fray Agustin de San Pedro
persuaded the chief of Himologan, Datu Salangsang, to
transfer his settlement down river, to the present day
Gaston Park. Fray Agustin later fortified the new settlement
against warriors who were sent by Sultan Kudarat.
February 27, 1872, the Spanish Governor General Carlos
Maria de La Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan
the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis.
During this era, the name of the town was known as Cagayan
de Misamis. On January 10, 1899, Cagayan de Misamis
joined the Philippine government of Emilio Aguinaldo
and celebrated its independence from Spain. It was the
second time the Aguinaldo government was declared and
the new Philippine flag raised on the Mindanao island.
By virtue of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded the
Philippines to the United States; this caused friction
and resulted in the Philippine-American War. In March
31, 1900, the Americans occupied Cagayan de Misamis
and on April 7, 1900, battle erupted in the town center
led by General Nicolas Capistrano and Filipino resistance
fighters. This would later be known as the Battle of
Cagayan de Misamis. The Americans won the war, and about
forty years later, gave the Philippines its independence
July 4, 1946.
the efforts of then former Congressman and Vice President
of the Philippines Emmanuel Pelaez, the town of Cagayan
de Misamis became a city on June 15, 1950 and it's name
changed to Cagayan de Oro. Congressman Pelaez appended
"de Oro" to "Cagayan" in recognition of the gold mining
activities in the area known to Spanish explorers.
Cagayan de Oro City at nightCagayan de Oro City is located
along the central coast of Northern Mindanao. To the
south, the city is bordered by the Bukidnon Province
and Lanao del Norte (Iligan City). The Municipality
of Opol, Misamis Oriental borders the city on the west
and Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental to the east. To the north
lies Macajalar Bay facing the Bohol Sea. Its total land
area is 488.86 km² representing 13.9% of the entire
Misamis Oriental Province. It includes 25 kilometers
of coastline and a fine deep water harbor, Macajalar
Bay. 44.7% of the surface of Cagayan de Oro is classified
as agricultural land, and 38.4% is classified as open
Cagayan de Oro City has a tropical climate. The average
temperature whole year round is 28 °C (82 °F). The highest
recorded temperature in the city was 36 °C (97 °F) on
May 1998. Cagayan de Oro receives an even amount of
rain through out the year. The driest month is April,
while July is the wettest. Wet season in the city starts
in June and ends in November. Drier season starts in
December and ends in May. Cagayan de Oro is rarely visited
by a typhoon since it is outside the Pacific typhoon
There are about 44 percent of the household population
in Cagayan de Oro City classified themselves as Binisaya/Bisaya,
22.15 percent as Cebuano, 4.38 percent as Boholano,
while 28.07 percent as other ethnic groups. (2000 Census)
Cebuano or Visayan, is the city's main conversational
language. English is mainly used for business, written
text and is also widely used by the academic community.
Most of the local population are also fluent in Filipino,
the country's national language.
Saint Augustine CathedralMajority of the people of Cagayan
de Oro City are Roman Catholics. Other religions include;
Christians of various sect, Muslims, Buddhists and others.
The city's economy is largely based on industry, trade,
service and tourism. Concentrix and Arriba are among
the few call centers that have recently opened their
doors to the city. The city's annual income has reached
a local record of 1.345 Billion Pesos as of the fiscal
year, 2006. With the ongoing construction of the Laguindingan
International Airport located in Laguindingan, Misamis
Oriental with International standard, business analysts
predict the entry of more foreign and local investments
and an increase in tourism activity in the region will
make Cagayan de Oro as one of the chief cities in the
southern part of the Philippines.
Ongoing construction of the Laguindingan International
Airport located in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental that
will serve Northern Mindanao including it's major cities;
Iligan and Cagayan de Oro. It is a flagship project
of the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor special development
Redevelopment of Agora Public Market and Terminal, which
will be renamed into "New Agora Complex".
Xavier UniversityCagayan de Oro City is the center of
education in Northern Mindanao and has three major private
universities, namely: Capitol University, Liceo de Cagayan
University and Xavier University (Ateneo de Cagayan).
These institutions specialize in various disciplines
such as medicine, nursing, commerce, engineering, and
law, as well as graduate and post-graduate courses.
The Mindanao University of Science and Technology (formerly
Mindanao Polytechnic State College) is the only state
university in the city. AMA Computer University and
Philippine Women's University have campus branches in
the city offering limited courses.
Capitol University Medical City HospitalThe city has
a hospital bed to population ratio of 1:474 as of 2003.
There are twelve major well-equipped private and government-run
hospitals including 50 Barangay Health Centers and 20
Family Planning Centers. There are also modern diagnostic
centers and laboratories operating in the city
Mindanao Medical Center (Provincial Hospital) and JR
Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (City Hospital) are
the two main government run hospitals in the city. Capitol
University Medical City Hospital is one of the newer
developments of the health services in city. In the
recent years, private hospitals in the city have embarked
on an aggressive expansion program. There has been a
strong demand for medical facilities not only within
the city but from nearby Mindanao provinces.
Lumbia Airport, often called as Cagayan de Oro Airport
caters domestic flights to and from Manila and Cebu.
From Manila, it is an hour and fifteen minutes away
by plane and from Cebu it is forty-five minutes away.
There is ongoing construction on the Laguindingan International
Airport located in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental. When
it finished, the international airport will serve Northern
Mindanao including its major cities; Iligan and Cagayan
The Cagayan de Oro International Seaport serves regular
trips to Manila, Cebu, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete,
Iloilo, and Jagna. It is the busiest seaport in Northern
Seaport is a modern international seaport situated near
the estuary of Cagayan de Oro River, it has an anchorage
depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the
shoreline. Cagayan de Oro International Seaport has
2 authorized cargo handling operators. With the recent
completion of the 250 Million Peso Rehabilitation Project,
the Cagayan de Oro seaport is now the largest international
and domestic seaport in Mindanao. General Milling
and Del Monte Philippines also operates their own port
facilities within Cagayan de Oro. The US $85 Million
Mindanao Container Terminal located in Tagoloan, 17
kilometers from Cagayan de Oro serves the PHIVIDEC Industrial
Cagayan de Oro City is abundance of jeepneys, taxicabs,
tricycle and buses which makes getting around the city
quite easier. You can easily call taxis at there dispatching
areas or simply flagging your hand in the city streets.
There are three bus and jeepney terminals in the city
which offer regular land trips. The Eastbound-Gusa Jeepney
Terminal and Agora-Integrated Bus Terminal caters trips
to and from Balingoan (port going to Camiguin), Gingoog,
Davao, Butuan, Surigao in the Caraga Region, Valencia
and Malaybalay in Bukidnon. While the Westbound-Bulua
Integrated Bus Terminal caters trips to and from Iligan,
Ozamiz, Zamboanga and some parts of western Mindanao.